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Graphical Login

Graphical Login only with JURECA login possible.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/5/51/Virtual_Network_Computing_%28logo%29.svg/220px-Virtual_Network_Computing_%28logo%29.svg.png
http://www.virtualgl.org/pmwiki/uploads/Main/virtualgl.gif

Remote visualization, either implemented within visualization applications themselves or through server software, eliminates the need for off-site file transfers and allows HPC users to run a broad range of visualization tools in-place on the supercomputer where the data resides and more compute resources are available.

Remote visualization provides a graphical access by

  • transmitting the keyboard and mouse events from your computer to the remote machine.
  • relaying the graphical screen updates back in the other direction.
  • is application-independent (no need for remote visualization support inside the specific application).

A broad variety of Linux applications with graphical user interface and/or need for OpenGL can be used directly on the supercomputers via remote visualization. Multiple software solutions for remote visualization are possible from which we recomment on our system VNC or Xpra. Our decision is based on the mandatory requirement for support of

  • server-side rendering with OpenGL (using VirtualGL)
  • client-support on many operating systems (Linux, MaxOS, Windows, etc.)
  • flexible use in user specific setups
  • optimized even for low bandwidth connections

... more details

In general one can distinguish between full desktop mode and seamless window mode solutions.
While using a full desktop mode presents a complete desktop environment (on JURECA we run XFCE) in a single window on the user´s workstation,
the seamless window mode makes applications running on JURECA appear on the local desktop as normal windows managed by the local window manager.

The full-blown and one-click solution for remote visualization allows a remote full desktop on frontend nodes and/or compute nodes is provided using Virtual Network Computing (VNC) over the login tool Strudel.
We recomment to use VNC+Strudel as our first choice as it is integrated most efficiently into our batch system at the moment.
For access to remote seamless windows we recomment X Persistent Remote Applications (Xpra) as a light-weight solution.


Ok, what do I have to do?

VNC + Strudel (Scientific Remote Desktop Launcher)

  • provides a complete graphical and remote full desktop solution.
  • survives disconnect & reconnect
  • supports easy start of remote visualization jobs over the batch system (including reconnect).
  • supports easy use of multiple compute nodes together with remote visualization jobs (eg. parallel ParaView).
  • multiple clients may connect to a VNC server at the same time sharing the same session (support, presentation, group discussions)
  • cross-platform application for Linux, MacOS and Windows

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==> Download & Install Instructions <==


I do not want a full blown remote desktop, give me a lightweight solution:

Xpra (X Persistent Remote Applications)

  • provides a remote seamless window solution.
  • this is the best replacment for ssh -X
  • survives disconnect & reconnect
  • every window appears as a separate window on the user’s desktop
  • graphical window is encoded to a video stream and send to the user´s desktop
  • focus is on fixed frame rate and dynamic frame quality

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==> Download & Install Instructions <==


Alternatives - NOT RECOMMENDED

I cannot (or do not want to) use Strudel to start a VNC session - how do I start VNC manually?

vncserver/ssh/vncviewer (manual connection for VNC)

  • manual start of VNC server on JURECA
  • manual tunnel for VNC data
  • manual start of VNC viewer on local machine

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==> More instructions <==


I do not want a full blown remote desktop, give me a another lightweight solution:

vglconnect/vglrun (no VNC - only a 3d accelerated "ssh -X")

  • this is a replacment for ssh -X
  • every application window appears as a separate window on the user’s desktop
  • 3D (VGL Transport) with X11 Forwarding
  • 2D (X11) rendering occurs on the client machine

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==> Install instructions <==


Comparison of possible Remote Visualization Solutions

General Features VNC+Strudel Xpra ssh -X NX RDesktop
Stability ++ ++ - + ++
Performance over slow link + ++ -- ++ +
Server-side rendering VirtualGL VirtualGL - VirtualGL -
Suspend & resume session YES YES - YES YES
Seamless mode - YES YES YES YES
Full Desktop mode YES (YES) (YES) YES YES
Session Sharing YES YES - YES -
No local X-server needed YES YES - - YES
JSC-specific Features
Supports direct job submission YES - - - -
Supports parallel jobs YES - - - -
Supports resume to job-sessions YES - - - -
Supports desktop profiles YES - - - -
Main Issues software setup no integration
in batch system
slow, chatty protocol,
no server-side rend.,
client X-server req.
-not avail.- -not avail.-

taken from https://winswitch.org/documentation/protocols/choose.html


any feedback welcomed - h.zilken@…, j.goebbert@…

Last modified 8 months ago Last modified on 04/03/17 11:06:19

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